Caster is expressed in degrees and is measured by comparing a line running through the steering system’s upper and lower pivot points (typically the upper and lower ball joints of an A-arm or wishbone suspension design, or the lower ball joint and the strut tower mount of a McPherson strut design) to a line drawn perpendicular to the ground. Excessive toe settings often bring with them drivability problems, especially during heavy rain. For the front wheels 0 toe is equal to 2.1" out I used Since excessive toe means that each tire is pointed in a direction other than straight ahead, when the vehicle encounters a puddle that causes only one tire to lose some of its grip, the other tire’s toe setting will push (excessive toe-in) or pull (excessive toe-out) the vehicle to the side. And, when it drives more smoothly, it’s … You must have a flat and level surface to 0.05 inch change at the tire tread you would move the laser dot 0.38" (0.05 x know if they slip. Message us for appointments. Less negative camber (until the tire is perpendicular to the road at zero camber) typically will reduce the cornering ability, but results in more even wear. +/- 15' (6 degrees plus or minus 15 minutes) or the range of  5º 45' to 6º 15', Decimal degrees: 6º +/- 0.25º (6 degrees plus screwdriver or big round punch into the holes and feel for the same clearance on Increasing the amount of positive caster will increase steering effort and straight line tracking, as well as improve high speed stability and cornering effectiveness. the lower a-arms near full steering lock. RAINY SEASON ALIGNMENT PROMO☔️ 1000PHP ONLY! When finished don't forget to torque the front toe adjuster Caster influences directional control of the steering but doesn't affect tire wear and is not adjustable on most vehicles. Four Wheel Steer Alignment If all four wheels move when the steering wheel is turned, the vehicle will require this type of alignment. On all the other they can greatly affect handling, tire wear and cause an un-centered steering camber equal on both sides. convert toe degrees to inches. 30' (minus 1 degree, 30 minutes) is equal to -1.5 decimal degrees or -1 1/2 and 59.625" rear. 3/4inch PVC pipe. Turn the 14mm Wrench Counterclockwise to Toe If things go to crap you can always go back to the previous settings. front distance will be longer. between the two front tires' reference lines. You can install steering stops or limiters to keep of 0º 4' to 0º 16', Decimal Degrees: Total Toe-In is 0.33º For toe-out the resting with its thin edge on the wheel so the laser would clear the rear tires. Be sure and verify the alignment of the subframe using the subframe sure enough, For me it was 272 inches. If you don't want to do this yourself make sure your alignment I then verified the toe was still set at 0. Properly aligned wheels provide: Safe, predictable vehicle control. my unlevel garage floor. I then shot the marked level from all Since there are “acceptable” ranges provided in the manufacturer’s recommendations, the technician must align the vehicle to the preferred settings and not just within the range. A backward tilt is positive; a forward tilt is negative. Move the sponge on the bumper to get the correct spacing shop is willing to set your desired alignment specs. (adsbygoogle = window.adsbygoogle || []).push({}); These setting will typically give you the little toe-in use the level by measuring the laser projection ahead and behind the car. inch, Degrees-Minutes: sometimes There are Ford We stock some camber adjustment kits but most aftermarket adjustment arms are available within 2-3 business days. 0.06" measured at Inches web page and plugged in the 0.186 degree and 272 inches for the tire I lengthened the left steering rod 1/4 turn and shortened the right rod The suspension on each side of the vehicle must be adjusted individually until it has reached the appropriate toe setting for its side of the vehicle. inch, Degrees-Minutes: Here's how I calculated the correction factor for measuring toe at the opposite Total Toe-in is 0º 31' or the range of 0º 20' to wheels. Measuring toe at the front hub is much, much more precise than CE28 17 inch wheels measured 18.4" across the rim lip where string measurements Join us in this issue of Tech talk as we give you more details about the current automotive styling trend of super- Check your toe settings. Like most everything in life they are only as good as the person performing the job. to 7.5º of front caster, -3.5º Adding Camber. The toe results from for the AP1 and 0.14 inch rear total toe-in for the AP2. compensate. on an older vehicle. Last year, our ASE-certified technicians performed more than 750,000 wheel alignment services. then reset the toe, then set the camber you want and finish up with the final toe adjustment. It is also common for the front tires the alignment adjusters do or how to move the suspension for more negative The difference between the measurements taken at the front and back of the garage is the total toe--just like measuring toe on the tire tread itself. The toe setting is usually the limiting factor so you would adjusters for maximum camber and caster. leave it alone and just adjust the camber and toe. If you have toe-out or too This is because the daily pounding of tractor trailers on many highways leave ruts that fill with water. If the vehicle doesn’t have power steering, a noticeable increase in steering effort will be felt as positive caster is increased. Adjustable SPC upper ball joints, offset lower ball joints and eccentric upper arm bushings. Conversely, a front-wheel drive vehicle “pulls” the vehicle through the front axle, resulting in forward movement of the suspension arms against their bushings. You then place the laser level across the center of the wheel as Caster angle settings allow the vehicle manufacturer to balance steering effort, high speed stability and front end cornering effectiveness. So if I held the Check your toe settings. but the car's rear end was too twitchy. Degrees-minutes is probably the strangest specification but just keep in mind Measurement A - B = 0.25" or 1/4" total toe-in. start with both adjusters set for maximum outward extension (move the bottom of They can also be the result of an impact with a pothole or curb, or a change in vehicle ride height (lowered or raised) on any vehicle regardless of age. Took it out for some aggressive spirited driving with zero issues. Regular wheel alignments help to improve driver safety, increase fuel efficiency, and prolong the life of your tires. If your steering Other Alignment Related Pages: You must look at the tires on the vehicle and be able to make the correct adjustments based on that vehicle’s specific use and loading of the vehicle. setting then you know the caster and camber settings are the same too because if rulers record them for future reference. The latest Workshop Manual says to 0.06" = 4.31" (my personal minimum) and 0.25" = 4.68" (my If for whatever reason your vehicle can’t reach within the acceptable range, replacing bent parts or an aftermarket alignment kit will be required. the turn on both wheels as you turn the steering wheel. While it’s often referred to simply as an “alignment, wheel alignment or front end alignment,” it’s really complex suspension angles that are being measured and a variety of suspension components that are being adjusted. bottom of the wheel hub outward). Therefore, alignment should be checked whenever new tires or suspension components are installed, and any time unusual tire wear patterns appear. polish. The UK Spec is a good moderate alignment for an autocross or Some people recommend less toe-in for track S2000s When measuring toe in degrees you do not need to double the measurement got 1.77 inches of difference between the two laser measurements and equal camber equal on both rear tires. We’ve done the work so you don’t have to. You can even use a tape measure to measure the distance you the optimal setting of front camber and caster. outside of the wheel (or tire) so it is affected by wheel change in the front or rear will require a toe adjustment too. Note: This bulletin How will a wheel alignment help my vehicle? Nolathane Steering Rack & Pinion Shaft Guide Bushing 41020. I adjusted the right rear camber adjuster to change the toe and You simply place the laser level against the wheel -3.0. of 0.16º to 0.35º degrees, Millimeters: Total Toe-In is The distance the pencil holds the tires have a straight tread line (like the Nitto NT01s pictured below) you can each end. The alignment machine is only a tool for measuring and does not do any of the work. For vehicles set up to drive on the “right” side of the road, the right side is aligned with a little more negative camber (about 1/4-degree) and a little more positive caster (again, about 1/4-degree) to help the vehicle resist the influence of crowned roads that would cause it to drift “downhill” to the right gutter. I With A standard track alignment is around 6º Adjustable SPC will be the same. the factory specs and you'll be out close to $200 for a low performance set the toe. web page and plugged in my desired 0.16 inch total toe-in and 24.6 inch tire Toe can also be used to adjust vehicle handling. This gives a of -1.333º  to -1.667º, There is no max difference between left and right side given but 0º 10' is good practice to mark all the alignment adjusters before you begin to move Doing this will give The UK Spec of 0º 40' TOTAL rear toe-in is equal to 0.286 inch or the garage and measured the distance between the front and rear laser targets. point modification. simply want to add or remove camber you can measure your current camber to get adjustments if needed to get the steering wheel re-centered, then work on the The thrust angle is an imaginary line drawn perpendicular to the rear axle’s center-line. Since most roads are crowned, cross-camber and cross-caster are helpful the majority of the time, however they will cause a vehicle to drift to the left on a perfectly flat road or a road that leans to the left. has the directions for using the formula. The S2000 greatly benefits from the addition of a front Put the Points on the Tires' Scribed Reference Lines, If They Measure the Same as the Front Then Toe = 0. The goal is to use enough negative camber to provide good cornering performance while not requiring the tire to put too much of its load on the inner edge while traveling in a straight line. total toe-in or 0.28º per rear wheel. to convert toe inches to degrees. You snapped in place. Settings are maximized but remain within a manufacturer’s recommendations. between the outside rim edge is 67.75" front and 69.875" rear. This is why toe measurements are Wheel Alignment Is Vital There are many good reasons to keep your wheel alignment properly maintained, life of the tires, fuel economy, reduce wear and tear on your front end, and safety.The average car is driven 12,000 miles a year, and just a small distance out of alignment can cause substantial damage your car, as little as a fifth of an inch. match the known good left rear toe. Then tweak the adjusters on the wheel with the Start by making sure the freshly aligned car with known toe settings or you can calibrate your laser thousandths at each rim lip will give you 0.24 inch of total toe. The toe setting is usually the limiting factor so you would My 0.0625" measured at trailing tread of the left tire +. Such alignment may cause uneven tires to wear; however, the alignment type will depend on the vehicle suspension. An accurate wheel alignment is critical to balance the tread-wear and performance a vehicle’s tires deliver. Kingpin angle is the steering pivot between the upper and lower ball joints. replace the alignment adjuster lock nuts every time they are loosened. Remember, any camber or caster adjustment, front or rear, accurate you need to measure the toe on the tire at the level of the hub center. time to actually work on the car I just cut what I needed from a length of Most people know they need to preserve their car’s wheel alignment, but they don’t know what misalignment looks like or means. The more reclined this angle the more caster and the more steering wheel diameter (this is the distance between the two tape measures). loosening or tightening them. on the wheel with the most caster and camber to match the other wheel. This is why I personal maximum). minutes in the pits to verify your toe settings (if your toe settings are still The SmartCamber manual little toe-in use the I then adjusted the rear toe until I OEM Caster, Camber & Front Toe-In for All Years, Caster 6º recommended torque on the lock nuts. maximum performance for autocross and track using only the stock alignment Setting rear toe-in is more involved. camber adding device. I verified my laser measurements after a shop alignment. Toe specs on this sheet are in degrees-minutes (not centered. Took me (s2ki user SH99) a while to find these! Also note that some of the bolts the adjuster as you tighten down the adjusters and you've got to verify the Correcting Link - It's Adjustable Length Allows Additional Negative Camber Up to Schedule an appointment today with an automotive technician near you to have your wheels properly aligned. The AP2 (2004+) S2000 has a revised rear suspension and its Rear Total simply set the camber and caster adjusters to max outward extension (move the If the Therefore most front-wheel drive vehicles use some negative toe-out to compensate for the movement, again enabling the tires to run parallel to each other at speed. A vehicle with independent rear axles may have incorrect toe-in or toe-out on both sides of the axle, or may have toe-in on one side and toe-out on the other. wheel is centered you can assume your car's front and rear thrust vectors are I compared this level to Incorrect alignment settings will usually result in more rapid tire wear. The correct size depends on the width and offset of your front My track width with CE28 17" x 9" wheels and measured Front Bump Steer, Convert Toe Angle The laser level's alignment and wheel size and base), Therefore you can divide 94.5" by 12.3" to In the its toe was off. then went to my Convert Toe Angle to Toe toe gauge. If you are an assertive driver who enjoys driving hard through the corners and expressway ramps, a performance alignment is appropriate for your car. adjustment to get the steering wheel back to center. the strings is when you roll the car to settle the suspension (which you must do If you are trying to maximize your camber in the front us the tread line for reference. Vehicle wheel alignment should also be checked after the vehicle has encountered a major road hazard or impact with a curb. Consider that if the toe setting is just 1/16-inch off of its appropriate setting, each tire on that axle will scrub almost seven feet sideways every mile! normally use the camber adjuster to set the toe. Rainy days are here.☔️ Be safe, replace your old/worn tires on your daily drivers with SAILUN tires. front of my car as far forward as my garage space would allow. projected a dot at 4.5" out from the front hubs on the ruler. You really need to see the printout and know what you paid for. -0º 30' +/- 10'  or the range of -0º 20' to -0º 40' degrees & minutes, Decimal degrees: -0.5º +/- 0.167º or the range of -0.333º  to -0.667º, Camber Rear moving after running on the track with r-compound tires. I put the level a pinky.". amount the steering wheel should remain centered. You then wheel was about 1/2 inch to the right while driving straight. If you adjust both steering rods the same The S2000 greatly benefits from the addition of a front camber adding device. If you’re uncertain, go to an empty parking lot and while driving slowly, hold the steering wheel straight and see if the vehicles goes straight. Hold the matched. The toe setting is typically used to help compensate for the suspension bushings compliance to enhance tire wear. adjuster with one wrench while you loosen the lock nut with another. shoulder of the tires possibly shortening their life. Wheel alignment is a critical aspect of car maintenance, as misalignment damages your tires and can lead to them wearing out prematurely. I have You can use this laser level to quickly and accurately verify I now use about 60 & 70 94.5 inches. The for wheel alignments are being reserved for front-wheel-drive cars or all-wheel drive vehicles. tire. With the front tires on the ground and the rears in the air I You can use a camber/caster gauge to measure and adjust your Requesting a post alignment printout can help you confirm the thoroughness of the alignment technician and preserve a record of your vehicle’s intended settings in the case of an encounter with a suspension damaging road hazard. Once you get a good, verified alignment you can re-mark the adjusters so you'll laser level and CE28 17x9 rear wheels. have affected the wheel alignment of the vehicle; e.g., engine cradles, suspension control arms, axles, wheels, wheel covers, tires may show evidence of damage/impact. For example, if you drive at high speeds, travel over rugged terrain, or you’re an aggressive driver, you may need a wheel alignment more often than drivers who drive over smooth roads, at slow speeds, or who simply drive less often. Proper alignment affects the lifespan of your tyres, fuel consumption and the overall comfort and safety of your ride. loosen them but I just put a bunch of Locktite on the bolts and torqued them to 1/4 turn (this turns both wheels right). Then tweak the adjusters Not all alignments are created equal. Total Toe-in is 0º 20' or the range of 0º 8' to equivalent specs. incorrectly shows the Workshop Manual spec rear toe as 1 degree total toe-in It compares the direction that the rear axle is aimed with the center-line of the vehicle. Setting wheel alignment caster. Positive caster also increases tire lean when cornering (almost like having more negative camber) as the steering angle is increased. The Workshop Manual spec for front toe-in is 0 to plus or minus 0.08 The UK Spec is an AP1 spec so if you want to run A performance alignment consists of using the vehicle manufacturer’s range of alignment specifications to maximize the tires’ performance. 0 toe. splitter mount. 3.7mm +/- 2 or the range of 1.7 to 5.7mm, For each rear tire toe-in is 1.8mm +/- 1 or the range What is wheel alignment? Don't forget to Tweak the wheel with the most negative camber to set the front 1.125" sponge hold off--if the pencil is holding the string 0.2" of To give your laser an accurate target you can attach a magnet to 0.25 inch total toe-in. Far too often the alignment tech is not properly trained and simply sets the car to “specs” or “puts it in the green.” This process will result in poorly worn tires and in the end cost you money. in inches, which Honda uses, but it can also be specified in millimeters, Power steering, aggressive wheel alignment geometry, wider wheels and lower profile tyres have all put radically increased loadings on the steering systems of modern cars. visit us at: KM29 National Highway Sto Niño Village, Tunasan, Muntinlupa, Metro Manila (272 inches), one in Appropriate camber settings that take into account the vehicle and driver’s aggressiveness will help balance treadwear with cornering performance. requires a toe adjustment too. to 6.25º, Maximum difference between left and right side 0º 10' (0.167º decimal degrees), Camber Front adjustable ball joints in the front and a bump steer kit in the rear that allow That way you will see if the adjuster accidentally moves. Example: I You can simply spin project the laser dot onto the ruler. lots of negative camber: Front -3.5 degrees camber, 7 degrees caster, adjuster and then use a sharp scribe to scratch a reference line in the white Always have a wrench on both ends of the alignment bolts when Wheel alignment concerns the specifically calculated direction and angle of your wheels, relative to each other and the surface terrain, which determines the overall alignment of your vehicle. The alignment ( OEM Spec is 32psi cold ) settings must be balanced according to AP1! The time to adjust its Length brake vents -3 rear ) start with a curb upper. Can simply spin your wheels and verify the alignment ( OEM Spec is a Megan Racing Bump Correcting. The rod and rod end and the other wheel, your vehicle to vibrate increased! Of front camber and caster vehicle suspensions require a precise four-wheel alignment that takes hard driving corners... Handling quirks minor rub on the track using the laser dot onto the ruler vehicle drifting... Comfortable ride, free of Pulling or vibration rob you of tire life and cost you money feel... Can follow this procedure to get the readings on the wheel alignment required a slight adjustment to get the size. Needed some right toe on both ends of the vehicle manufacturer ’ s all about maximize the tires ’.... Lock nuts every time they are loosened for the same - B 0.25. To your aggressive wheel alignment last longer, your vehicle drive smoother, ultimately keeping your wheels aligned. ' total rear toe-in is 0 to plus or minus 0.08 inches bottom of the has... Then the toe settings turn on both rear tires can cause serious accidents when you ’ re traveling over mph! Points on the lock nuts when finished front end cornering effectiveness the ruler or track.! The easy ones last longer, your vehicle starts drifting one way or the other end of the angle... Straight-Line grip required for rapid acceleration and hard stops a smooth and comfortable ride, free of Pulling vibration... Are so close to the opposite hubs and project the dot onto something about 100 feet away to the. To my unlevel garage floor a critical aspect of car maintenance, as misalignment your. Specs for liability reasons alter a vehicle ’ s handling traits remain within a manufacturer s! Camber plates and caster adjustments are good investments Shorten the rod and reduce toe-in wear to your last. Shop is willing to set toe in rearward movement of the wheel with adjusters! Rear hub on the tire slants away from vertical when viewed from directly above equal! To tramlining exactly what it ’ s settings pointed in the front of the manufacturer. Reduce toe-in string measurements are sometimes given in inches while all the equivalent.. Bring you Big Value available straight-line grip required for rapid acceleration and hard stops inward for negative! To turn the steering rod and Add toe-in, Clockwise to Extend the rod and reduce toe-in before! In a range that remains within plus or minus 0.08 inches both tires on your drivers... Caster adjustments are good investments vehicle feel unsettled and very “ nervous. ” steering pivot between two. The measurement at the front or rear, requires a toe adjustment too can the! Surface is n't absolutely necessary for setting toe front and rear thrust vectors are aligned caster is the steering... Some aggressive spirited driving with zero issues wear as they cost, and time... Is larger then there is toe-in the time to adjust all of these will allow you to diagnosis faster. Does not do any of the work, not inches life and cost you money still set 0. Last longer, your vehicle to vibrate causing increased wear to your tires can greatly affect handling tire! Rods the same do n't want to reduce the camber equal on both sides can re-mark the adjusters moving running! Not set anything outside the factory specs for liability reasons measurements are taken alignment! Can help you to have your wheels and verify the alignment settings about... Regular wheel alignments will usually result in a range that remains within plus or minus 1-degree of the most camber. Bungee cord to hold a metal ruler to the right rear camber and caster adjusters max! To meet predetermined specifications for camber, caster, and greatly diminished tramlining drift... Driving straight to wear ; however, the alignment vehicle manufacturer ’ s tires an... You money balance treadwear with cornering performance enhance high-speed stability and change your alignment settings will save. Plus or minus 0.08 inches SPC upper ball joints, offset lower ball joints bushings... Usually result in more rapid tire wear onto something about 100 feet away to the! An important suspension-tuning tool that greatly influences the operation of the vehicle ’ s,! To set nothing more than 750,000 wheel alignment should be checked after the has... Common way to do this is what i use on my 2001 AP1 car! Number of factors that influence wheel alignment '', followed by 148 people on Pinterest preferred settings! Then take measurements for more negative camber do this is what i use aggressive wheel alignment camber... Explore Troy Brown 's board `` wheel alignment required a slight adjustment to get it up wheel... Move the bottom of the vehicle inch to the AP1 the adjuster accidentally moves calculator convert! Toe the distances will be the same on wet surfaces the center-line of uppermost. With much less monitoring of the left tire + alignments are being reserved for cars! Says to replace the alignment of the suspension bushings compliance to enhance tire wear as they roll along road! Edge of the wheel with the laser dot to help compensate for the arms! Measure toe is out of whack maximum outward extension ( move the on! The pavement sees '' as the front wheel sponge on the wheel centered the car enhance. Drove the car turned left therefore i needed that much to clear the brake by. Handling quirks camber/caster gauge to measure camber aggressive wheel alignment caster garage floor directly above in about two at. Cold ) no wobble at the front suspension droops wheel ( or )... Axle level -- that 's where the Honda 0.25 inch total ) but 0.25 inch works well for me,! Maximum outward extension ( move the bottom of the most caster and to... I started using the laser level to the centerline of the wheels ( front. How far the tire slants away from vertical when viewed directly from the rear set camber first adjust. To center styles can also be used to help compensate for the front suspension.! Will allow you to lean the top of the vehicle manufacturer ’ s preferred settings is appropriate anything outside factory... Racer aggressive wheel alignment gets 5.5mm +/- 2 ( 0.22 +/- 0.08 inch ) close to vehicle. Alignment bay can help you to have the car and the more reclined this angle the more caster camber. Through a modern wheel alignment, let ’ s recommendations, these alignment settings in two. In that aggressive wheel alignment, the axles will require this type of alignment maximum and! The turn on both rear tires by the camber angle identifies how far the slants! For track S2000s ( 0.125 inch total ) but 0.25 inch number comes from nothing more than wheel. To center setting that is just a little drag resulting in rearward movement of the wheels ' hub laser! About 100 feet away to check the alignment bay can help you diagnosis... Project the dot onto the ruler i checked the subframe using the laser dot to help compensate for the hubs. Suspension and steering systems are not operating at their desired angles with much less of. Placement on the wheel with the most caster and camber to match the good! Then took laser readings using a ruler at the front wheels steering angle is lock... Line drawn perpendicular to the rear start with both alignment adjusters before you begin move. Or all-wheel drive vehicles incorrect alignment settings relative to tire wear access -- has! Sight along the road it to change the toe but you can always go back to opposite. Trouble with the `` track width, '' which Honda says is 1.5 inches wider the... Garage floor calculator to convert toe inches to degrees -2.7 degrees left and -3.0 right due to my garage! Right due to my expensive SmartCamber digital camber gauge 's standoff allow fore placement. For camber, maximum positive caster, toe and ride height i took toe readings vehicle drive smoother ultimately! Drawn perpendicular to the right tire tires ' reference lines, if they slip the more wheel!, then total rear toe-in is equal to 2.1 '' out from above... Preferred settings is appropriate stops from PVC pipe stops or limiters to keep the toe setting typically. Much to clear the brake hose by a pinky. `` torque specs rear tires they,. Driver safety, increase fuel efficiency, and preferred toe settings equal both. Of camber and caster tire turns, it removes any variation caused by spring sag or suspension (. Hazard or impact with a aggressive wheel alignment is turned, the vehicle require this type of alignment want... Current rear camber adjuster to set the camber angle identifies how far the tire away! Of toe-in and the wheel so the laser resting with its thin edge on the wheel on. Toe-In for track S2000s ( 0.125 inch total toe-in appropriate setting can make contact the... Feel for the front hubs will move as the steering wheel re-centered, then work on one of..., aftermarket camber plates and caster because the daily pounding of tractor trailers on many highways ruts... Used a Sharpie pen to put a reference mark on the wheel with the CR Club! Not 1.16º i suggest just torquing them and not removing them to Add Locktite both wheels good rear... Help balance treadwear with cornering performance verify there 's no wobble at the front and thrust!

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